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A detailed look at Northern Africa’s most popular tourist destinations – Egypt or Morocco? Which country is better?

Are you planning a trip to Northern Africa? And now you are wondering about the main differences between Egypt vs Morocco? Well, then you came to the right place!

No Egypt pyramids tour is complete without the classic panorama of the three pyramids - this is me on the way towards the best spot
Me in front of the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt

I’ve been to both amazing countries and covered them extensively on my blog. There are so many things to do in Egypt and Morocco as equally dazzling tourist attractions. They are, however, quite different. In this travel guide, I’ll show you which country is more suitable for you.

The Jardin Majorelle in Marrakesh - one of the many beautiful places to see in Morocco
The Jardin Majorelle in Marrakesh

But mark my words: I don’t believe for a second that neither Morocco or Egypt is better than the other. It just boils down to personal preferences. Are you a fan of exploring ancient temples three thousand years or old? Or do you want to lose yourself in medieval markets smelling of spices, leather, and tea? Do you want to go snorkeling? Or are you more into hiking through a remote Beduine village?

So, let’s take a closer look, shall we?

Note: Make sure to read my detailed Egypt Travel guide as well

Egypt vs Morocco: The main differences & similarities

Muhammad Ali Mosque in Cairo as part of the Cairo citadel
Muhammad Ali Mosque in Cairo

First of all, let’s see what Morocco and Egypt got in common. Both are, quite obviously, located in Northern Africa. Both are predominantly Muslim, though there is quite a large Coptic (=Christian) minority in Egypt. The climate in both countries is very arid and big parts of each country is a desert.

So, whether you walk through a market in Cairo or in Rabat, you actually won’t notice that much of a difference. You can visit beautiful mosques in both countries and it does have the same general “Arabian” vibe. The food shows a similar influence.

So, what are the main differences?

Me in front of the hatshepsut temple in Luxor, Egypt
Me in front of the Hatshepsut Temple in Luxor, Egypt

Egypt is home to one of the oldest civilizations on this planet. Just a short ride from Cairo Airport will get you to the Pyramids which were built 4,700 years ago (Saqqara is the oldest). Life in Egypt has always been dominated by the mighty river Nile. Which is both the longest River in the world and the only one flowing from South to North.

Nile Cruises are a popular way to explore the ancient Egyptian temples in Luxor and Aswan. A lot of tourists even make their way down to the border to Sudan and explore the Nubian temples and visit Abu Simbel.

Al-Nasis Muhammad Mosque inside the cairo citadel egypt
Al-Nasir Muhammad Mosque in Cairo

In Cairo and Alexandria in Nile delta, you will be able to explore the Islamic past of the country, which is equally as impressive. A lot of European tourists also visit Hurghada and Sharm el-Sheik on the Red Sea to go snorkeling (one of the best spots in the world) and enjoy some quality time at the beach.

Of course, there is also the desert. Places like the Siwa Oasis come to mind or the Wadi Hitan (The Valley of the whales). But it’s generally a lot less developed than in Morocco.

The desert fortress Aït Benhaddou - a Unesco World hertiage site in the very south of Morocco
The desert fortress Aït Benhaddou

Morocco’s ancient Beduine culture didn’t leave behind as impressive temples and tombs. But there are a few amazing places, like Quarzazate and Ait Benhaddou, where the winds haven’t carried away the adobe walls into the desert long ago.

Jemaa El-Fnaa with the Koutoupia Mosque in the background in Marrekesh Morocco
Jemaa El-Fnaa with the Koutoupia Mosque in the background

Marrakesh is probably the main highlight of the country. The city and it’s gigantic market Jemma el-Fnaa is nothing short of intoxicating and is actually also home to quite a lot of amazing luxury hotels where you can get pampered and enjoy a traditional Haman.

It’s much easier to get in contact with the local culture here than in Egypt – especially if you visit the medieval imperial cities of Meknes or Fez. In places like Volubilis, you can even explore the ancient Roman past of the country.

Toubkal National Park as seen from Kasbah du Toubkal in the south of Morocco
Toubkal National Park as seen from Kasbah du Toubkal in Morocco

Deep down in the desert, you can follow the winding tracks of ancient caravans, while the rough Atlantic coast is the home of some beautiful fishing towns (like Essaouira or Agadir). It’s not the best for swimming, but perfect for surfing. Generally speaking, Morocco is quite a bit greener and colder than Egypt (or let’s say not as blistering hot).

I would visit Egypt if…

Front view of Abu Simbel with the gigantic statues of Ramses II
Abu Simbel
  • you love archeology and explore monumental wonders thousands of years old. Standing in front of the Pyramids or climbing down into the colorful tombs of the Pharaohs is incomparable.
  • you want to spend some time at the beach & snorkeling or scuba diving. The red sea is a-mazing
  • you are a big fan of museums (the Egyptian Museum in Cairo is the home of the famous golden treasure hoard of King Tut’s grave)
  • you want to continue onwards to explore Jordan or Israel (which is just across the border)
  • you would love to explore the remains of the early Islamic expansion (some are some really ancient mosques in Cairo!)
  • you don’t mind the hot and arid climate
  • you love traveling in a group or doing a cruise (Egypt is rather difficult to explore independently – especially in the south)

I would visit Morocco if…

Marrakesh's Koutoubia Mosque is one of the largest mosques in the country and a must-see in Morocco
Marrakesh’s Koutoubia Mosque
  • you love to lose yourself shopping in an ancient medina (market), stop for a fresh mint tea (or two)
  • you love smaller cities with plenty of colorful and/or old houses.
  • you are a big fan of Beduin culture and want to experience contemporary Islamic everyday life.
  • you love spa treatments and luxury hotels (Marrakesh is a virtual mecca for spa lovers!)
  • you want to go riding on a camel through the Sahara and sleep a night in a tent
  • you love hiking. The Atlas Mountains are rough and sparsely populated, but also extremely stunning
  • you don’t stand intense heat all that much (Egypt is only acceptably hot in spring & autumn)
  • you like to explore a country independently by renting a car

Morocco or Egypt – which country is safer?

A lot of people traveling to Islamic countries are worried about their safety And after 9/11, who could fault them? So what about Egypt or Morocco? Are they safe to visit? Which one is safer?

Generally speaking, both countries are perfectly safe to visit. I would like to use this opportunity that Iraq, Afghanistan, and Syria are quite a bit away and it’s kind of insensitive to project your prejudices on a country solely based on the religion.

Did terror attacks happen in Egypt and Morocco? Yes, they did. But there were attacks all over Europe and the U.S. as well. This is sadly a fact you will have to face almost no matter where you travel these days.

Souvenir vendors at a parking lot (with quite the beautiful view) in Morocco
Souvenir vendors at a parking lot in Southern Morocco

The living standards in both countries are considerably lower than in the western world. Especially Egypt faced quite some hardships in the past decade and is only slowly on the way of recovery. As a result, you will face minor scams in both countries – but if you are vigilant, it’s nothing you need to worry about.

Based on the statistics, Morocco is a bit safer than Egypt, though there is an ongoing conflict with Western Sahara.

Egypt vs Morocco: The final verdict

Gigantic statues of Ramses II in Luxor temple, Egypt
Gigantic statues of Ramses II in Luxor temple

Egypt is the perfect place for people who love to explore ancient world wonders and spend time on the beach. Morocco, on the other hand, is perfectly suitable for people who want to explore medieval markets and breathe in the unique vibe of the Beduin culture.

I personally couldn’t say what I liked more: Egypt or Morocco. I am a huge fan of archeology, so naturally could think I loved Egypt more. But when we drove through the beautiful adobe towns boarding the Sahara in the south, you probably could hear my jaw dropping all across the ocean.

Egypt will leave you speechless because it is hard to accept these tombs and temples are really 3,000 years old and look like they were built just yesterday. Morocco is more of a place where you can dive into a culture and really experience it. In Egypt, you are a bit more separated from the locals and everyday life. In short: Visit both *smirk*

So, this was my guide to the main differences between Egypt vs Morocco. I hope I was able to give you some good pointers. Feel free to ask your questions below

Egypt or Morocco - which country should I visit?

3 COMMENTS

  1. Yeah, it’s impossible to chose between these two. Each country is very special. I would chose Egypt for its stunning sites and history. Morocco is charming, has amazing cuisine, architecture and markets. Don’t pick one, but pick a date when you want to visit each :)

  2. I have always wanted to visit Egypt. The history alone is a huge draw for me. Sadly, the biggest reason I think I am so wary of of international travel Is due to my own hang up on how Americans are viewed. I’m ashamed at how the world views us. One day, I would love to get up the courage to travel and show the world that at least this American can be respectful of others. One day.

    • Hm…I am not sure if that should truly worry you. There are quite a lot of prejudices about American travelers, that is right. And some of them are true.
      But, there are a lot of these about English, German, Chinese, or Japanese travelers as well. Doesn’t keep anyone from traveling. And more to the point, like you said, you can use the occasion to show the world they were wrong.

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